Golden Gem Calendula (Dwarf)

Name

Botanical Name

Family

Native to

Water

 

Sun

 

Soil

 

Height

Width

Space

Calendula, Golden Gem (Dwarf)

Calendula officinalis

Asteraceae

Origin is obscure but probably southern Europe

Moist - well drained (must not sit in water-logged soil)

 

Full sun to part shade in hot weather

 

Medium fertile - but will grow in any soil

10"

12-14"

12-14"

Price

4" Pots:  $2.20

6" Pots:  $3.50

Terracotta pots and other planters:  Prices Vary

Description

  • Golden Gem Calendula has ruffled yellow flowers with sometimes a dark apricot center and pink edges.  The leaves are covered with short stiff hair and are a medium-dark green.  

Keeping it Going

  • Will re-bloom constantly if old flowers are deadheaded

  • Do not let plants sit in water-logged soil (no saucers of water under pot)

Won't Tolerate

  • Excessive heat

  • Excessively moist soil (causes root rot)

History

&

Points of Interest

  • Calendula is a diminutive of the Latin word, "calendulae," which means, "little calendar or little clock."  This nickname comes from its habit of closing its petals when the sun goes down (or on cloudy days).

  • It was mentioned is Shakespeare's, "A Winter's Tale."

  • Uses:  Medicinal, culinary, cosmetic, and aromatic.

  • Parts used:  Flowers - petals

  • The colonists used the petals to color butter and cheese. 

  • Calendula is sometimes called "poor man's saffron" because the dried petals add rich color to rice dishes, salads, soups, bread, etc.

  • Attracts butterflies and other pollinators

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